DIRECT/INDIRECT SPEECH

DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH

The words of a speaker are reported in two ways: Direct Speech: When we quote the speaker’s actual words. These words are put within inverted comma. Indirect speech: When we reported what the speaker said without quoting his exact words.While changing direct speech into indirect speech, Candidate must remember the following rules:

  • When the reporting or principal verb is in the past tense, all present tense of the direct speech are changed into the corresponding past tenses.
  • When the reporting or principal verb is in the past tense, the simple past in the direct speech becomes the past perfect in the indirect.
  • The pronouns of the direct speech are changed in the indirect so that their relations with the reporter and his hearer, rather than with the original speaker are indicated.
  • When the reporting or principal verb is in the past tense, the shall/will of the future tense is changed into should/would.
  • Words expressing nearness in time or place in the direct speech are generally changed into words expressing distance in the indirect.
now then tomorrow the next day
here there yesterday the day before
ago before last night the night before
thus so this that
today that day these those

 

 

EXERCISE

Directions: Pick out the correct alternative that complete sentence which is changed into indirect narration.

  1. She said to me, “I shall see you as soon as I get time.”

She told me:

  1. that she will see me as soon as she will get time.
  2. that she would see me as soon as she would get time.
  3. she would see me whenever she got time.
  4. that she would see me whenever she gets time.
  5. None of these.

Ans: 2

2. Champa told me, “Your plane will leave if you do not go at once.”

Champa told me that:

  1. her plane would leave if she did not go at that time.
  2. her pane would leave if I do not go at once.
  3. my plane would leave if I do not go at that very time.
  4. my plane will leave if I did not go at that time.
  5. None of these.

Ans: 1

3. Nitish said to me, “When did you buy this pen?”

Nitish asked me:

  1. when I was to buy that pen.
  2. when I would buy that pen.
  3. when I had bought that pen.
  4. when I was buying that pen.
  5. None of these.

Ans: 3

4. She said to me, ” Are you going to market?”

She enquired of me:

  1. I am going to market.
  2. I was going to market.
  3. if I was going to market.
  4. if I had been going to the market.
  5. None of these.

Ans: 3

5. Kamini said to me, “Why did not you change your clothes?”

Kamini asked me:

  1. why I had not changed my clothes.
  2. why I did not change my clothes.
  3. why I would not change my clothes.
  4. why I have not been changing my clothes.
  5. None of these.

Ans: 1

For more practice on DIRECT/INDIRECT SPEECH click here
More rules of DIRECT/INDIRECT SPEECH click here

 

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