Central Government

Central Government

1. President
2. Vice-President
3. Prime Minister
4. Central Council of Minister
5. Cabinet Committees
6. Parliament
7. Parliamentary Committees
8. Parliamentary Forum
9. Supreme Court

1. President

Article 52 to 78 in Part V of the Constitution deal with the Union Executive. The Union Executive consists of the President, the Vice-President, the Prime Minister, the council of ministers and the attorney general of India. The President is the head of the Indian State. He is the first citizen of India and act as the symbol of unity, integrity and solidarity of the nation.

President Election: The President is elected not directly by the people but by members of electoral college consisting of,

  1. The elected members of both the Houses of Parliament;
  2. The elected members of the legislative assembly of the state; and
  3. The elected members of the legislative assemblies of the Union Territories of Delhi and Puducherry.

Qualification for Election as President

  1. He should be a citizen of India.
  2. He should have completed 35 years of age.
  3. He should be qualified for election as a member of the Lok Sabha.
  4. He should not hold any offices of profit under the Union government or any state government or any local authority or any other public authority.

Term, Impeachment of President

  • The President holds office for a term of five years.
  • He can resign from his office at any time by addressing the resignation letter to the Vice-President.
  • He can also be eligible for re-election.
  • He can also be removed from the office before completion of his term by the process of impeachment for violation of the Constitution.
  • The impeachment charges should be sign by one-fourth members of the house and a resolution passed by a majority of two-third of that house and a 14 day notice should be given to the President.
Article Subject
52 The President of India
53 Executive Power of the Union
54 Election of President
55 Manner of Election of President
56 Terms of office of President
57 Eligibility for re-election
58 Qualification of election as President
59 Conditions of President’s office
60 Oath or affirmation by the President
61 Procedure for impeachment of the President
62 Time of holding election to fill vacancy in the office of President
65 Vice-President to act as President or to discharge his functions
71 Matters relating to the election of President
72 Power of President to grant pardon etc. and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases
74 Council of ministers to aid and advice the President
75 Other Provisions as to ministers like appointment, term, salaries, etc.
76 Attorney General of India
77 Conduct of Business of Govt. Of India
78 Duties of Prime Minister in respect to furnishing of information to the President
85 Sessions of Parliament, prorogation and dissolution
111 Assent to bills passed by the Parliament
112 Union Budget
123 Power of President to promulgate ordinances
143 Power of President to consult Supreme Court

 

President term (1952-2017)

Sl. No. Name Year
1 Dr. Rajendra Prasad 1952
2 Dr.Rajendra Prasad 1957
3 Dr. S. Radhakrishnan 1962
4 Dr. Zakir Hussain 1967
5 V.V. Giri 1969
6 Fakhrudddin Ali Ahmad 1974
7 N. Sanjeeva Reddy 1977
8 Giani Zail Singh 1982
9 R. Venkataraman 1987
10 Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma 1992
11 K.R.Narayan 1997
12 Dr. A.P.J.Abdul Kalam 2002
13 Ms. Pratibha Singh Patil 2007
14 Pranab Mukherjee 2012
15 Ram Nath Kovind 2017

 

Powers of President:

  1. Executive Power
  2. Legislative Power
  3. Financial Power
  4. Judicial Power
  5. Diplomatic Power
  6. Military Power
  7. Emergency Power

Constitutional position of the President

The Constitution of India has provided for a parliamentary form of government. Consequently, the President has been made only a nominal executive; the real executive being the council of ministers headed by the Prime Minister. In other words, the President has to exercise his powers and functions with the aid and advice of the council of ministers headed by the prime minister.

2. Vice-President

The Vice-President, like the president, is elected not directly by the people but by the method of indirect election. He is elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of the members of both houses of Parliament (by both elected and nominated members).

Qualifications

  1. He should be a citizen of India.
  2. He should have completed 35 years of age.
  3. He should be qualified for election as a member of Rajya Sabha.
  4. He should not hold any office of profit under the Union Government or any state government or any local authority or any other public authority.

** The Vice-President holds office for a term of five years.

Article Subject
63 The Vice-President of India
64 The Vice-President to be ex-officio chairman of the council of states.
65 The Vice-President to act as President or to discharge his functions during vacancies in the office, or during the absence, of President
66 Election of Vice-President
67 Term of Office of President
68 Time of holding election to fill vacancy in the office of Vice-President and the term of office of person elected to fill casual vacancy
69 Oath or affirmation by the Vice-President
70 Discharge of President’s functions in other contingencies
71 Matters relating to, or connected with, the election of Vice-President
  • The original Constitution provided that the Vice-President would be elected by the two houses of Parliament assembled at a joint meeting.

 

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